Eye infections at peak during monsoon

Written By Unknown on Kamis, 04 Juli 2013 | 22.23

MUMBAI: Monsoon with its cloudy skies, sudden rains, and sudden sunshine makes it one of the beautiful seasons. For some people it's a very enjoyable time, getting drenched in the rain especially after the scorching heat, but for some it becomes dreadful because the rain also brings with it a host of infections. Infection causes severe pain and discomfort to the eyes. But, with a bit of prevention, you could stay safe tells, Dr Sanjay Dhawan, director, Ophthalmology, Fortis Hospital.

Eye infections result in redness of eyes and watery discharge, this can be due to Conjunctivitis, Eye Styes, Dry Eyes, Corneal ulcers. One can use an antibiotic eye drop to treat eye infections, but only after it has been prescribed by an ophthalmologist. Use of contact lenses should be avoided during any kind of infection in the eye.

Just close your eyes when you decide to get soaked in the rain as it screens off atmospheric pollutants. While the rain water is reasonably clean, but you need to be wary of the rain water if you stand under a tree or a building, as it can be contaminated with pollutants, which could increase eye infections," said Dr. Sanjay.

Emphasizing on hygiene practices, Dr. Dhawan advises how conjunctivitis and stye could be avoided. "These infections are contagious and can be easily transmitted via towels, handkerchiefs, lenses, glasses and other articles handled during the course of daily activities. To avoid infection, you need to ensure that you do not share articles of personal use with anyone else," he said.

Conjunctivitis can be cured by medication. One should not use steroid based eye drops if ones has conjunctivitis. Use antibiotic based eye drops. One must avoid wearing contact lenses if the eye is red. It is believed that wearing dark glasses can alleviate the condition, the truth is the dark glasses only keep your eyes cool and prevent immediate contact of the hands and eyes which can spread this contagious infection faster.

A stye is an infection that causes a painful lump along the eyelid. Styes are caused by bacterial infections and are rampant during monsoons. Styes can be treated at home with wet and warm compresses and in cases of increased irritation and pain, by medication.

The cornea is the thin clear structure overlying the iris. A severe infection of the cornea characterized by open sore is called corneal ulcer. Corneal ulcers cause pus discharge, severe pain and blurring of vision. It could be caused by a viral, bacterial or fungal infection or also by tears caused by trauma. It's a serious health concern and should be treated by an ophthalmologist immediately.

Tips for eye care

* All safeguards are centred on hygiene, therefore do not contact your eyes with grimy fingers.

* To avoid monsoon eye infections clean your hands thoroughly. Avoid keeping big nails as dust settles in the spaces. Wash hands even after touching eyes, face and using an eye medicine.

* Keep an anti-bacterial lotion when you go outdoors.

* Do not wear contact lens during eye infection. Never share lens solution and containers with anyone and clean properly before and after use.

* Do not use any cosmetic product during infection.

* Use eye protection like glasses when exposed to wind or dust. It is advised to wear safety glasses while working with chemicals to avoid eye contact

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